Katate Hazushi Ichi

Wrist Escape 1

Uke's right hand on tori's left wrist (or reverse). Tori pushes chi into left elbow, turning palm down. Uke's hand is pivot point and does not move.

Log: Barbara Gessner 3/8/02: Can be done in a Chen style manner, with curve to arm and extending the fingertips. Is this considered a variation?

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. From same position, Tori circles hand to outside, then outside blade of hand cuts in and down on wrist.

Variation: Prof. Lee Eichelberger 5/20/03: Tori snakes his hand around Uke's wrist to outside. Tori should not actually move Uke's hand. Tori makes beak (Tai Chi hook) with hand - thumb is touching fingers. Tori rolls beak over hand; as if to rotate Uke's forearm. If Tori traps Uke's fingers with other hand, this turns into a Tori.

Katate Hazushi Ni

Wrist Escape 2

Uke's right hand on tori's right wrist (or reverse). Step forward with left foot and to side of uke, elbow stays connected to hip and low, palm turns up.

Log: Barbara Gessner 3/8/02: This can also be done with chi extending from fingertips as an expansive gesture, tracing a wide circle with the hand.

Variation: Prof. Lee Eichelberger 5/20/03: Tori makes beak with hand and circles Uke's forarm as in variation of Katate Hazuchi Ichi. If Tori traps Uke's fingers, turns into hold.

Ryote Hazushi

Dual Hand Escape

Uke holds both of tori's wrists. Tori brings hands together, clasped, not interleaved. Tori steps forward, brings elbows together and circles them forward to uke's sternum. Fists go over one shoulder.

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. Same as variation for Katate Hazushi Ichi, with both hands.

Morote Hazushi

Multiple Hand Escape

Uke grasps tori's one wrist (say, right) with two hands.Tori brings left hand over and joins it with right hand. Right elbow pushes under to sternum, while left hand pulls, mostly to anchor, Uki's hands are pivot point.

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. From starting position, Tori extends fingers of grasped right hand, reach left hand over back of right hand. Pivot about Uki's hands as before.

Momiji Hazushi

Red Maple Escape

Uke chokes tori. Uke tenses neck muscles to protect neck. Clasped hands are slipped between uke's arms and straight up over head. Uke's arms are formed by wedge action and by rolling of shoulders. Palm strike hands away to clear uke's arms as you step away.

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. Uki performs standing choke but with wrists crossed, fingers in, as in Namijuji Shime, with right hand over left. Tori tucks chin down, brings right fist up between Uki's hands, while grasping Uki's left hand with Tori's own left. Tori turns to right, breaking hold, and grasping Uki's right wrist. Uki's arms are crossed, Tori throws with sword cut.

Yubi Tori Hazushi

Finger Lock Escape

Uke attempts Moro Yubi Tori. Tori forms hand into "chicken beak" with thumb supporting fingers. First pull hand toward you, for kazushi, then circle higher and strike to uke's shoulder, freeing hand. Keep wrist straight and elbow low!

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. Uki grabs for Tori's reaching right hand, attempting Moro Yubi Tori. As hands turn over, Tori takes left hand and pushes on thumb, to break hold.

Yubi Tori

Finger Lock

Uke reaches hand out grabbing for obi or eri. Tori does Nagashi Uke with same side hand (Left hand if uke used right), and grasps uke's with fingers across thumb. With circling motion, hand is turned over, and thumb slides over uke's ring finger, catching tip with ball of thumb, supporting under ring finger with curled index finger. Hyperflex uke's finger joint by pressing tip toward second joint.

Ryoeri Hazushi

Dual Lapel Escape

Uke grabs both of tori's lapels. Lay one hand (e.g. left) over uke's wrist on that side, palm up. Other hand comes under uke's other wrist, palm down. Hand join by locking fingers, and pulling close to chest. Down elbow comes up, rolling uke's wrist over, and then elbow comes down uke's centerline, releasing grip.

Log: Matt Bigham : For safety's sake, the proper grip of an eri is to trap the eri between thumb and fist, and then wind closed fist into cloth. Gathering cloth with the fingers could result in injuries to the fingers.

Log: Prof. Carr 3/5/2006: Also Tim Merrill. The upper ulna (near the elbow) can be used to cut across Uke's forearms/wrists, much as a sword.

Moro Yubi Tori

Multiple Finger Lock

Uke reaches with belt with right hand. Tori blocks with left (nagashi) then slides hand down to uke's hand, with fingers to outside of uke's body, grasping across uke's fingers. Pull uke's hand away from their body, turning your palm up, and bending their fingers down simultaneously. Then step to their side, keeping pressure down with first index finger joint, and pulling up on uke's fingertips. Tori's right hand comes in to support elbow.

Log: Barbara Gessner 3/8/02: Regardless of uke's hand size, the grip should just barely let uke's fingertips protrude. This will result in proper power. Calibrate on fingertips, not finger base joints.

Katate Tori

Hand Lock

Uki reaches for tori's obi or eri. Tori blocks with same-side hand, slides hand down to obtain grip with fingers across back of uke's hand to thumb. Tori's thumb is placed on uke's 4th metacarpal. Take hand in circle toward little finger. Turn body to keep your hands in front of you. Move body weight into it, it's much more scary.

Log: Nancy Bigham 4/14/01: Create kazushi initially by rolling back with body. Then turn body to obtain lock. Hand makes circle.

Log: Prof. Don Cross 3/28/03: Don't make circle big, too much opportunity for escape. Kazushi backward, giving Uki some of your weight, but keeping hands close to center.

Ryote Tori

Dual Hand Lock

Like Katate Tori, only on both hands at once. Locks do not come on simultaneously, but rather there is a back-and-forth quality, drawing uke's attention from one to the other, as you improve the position of each.

Variation: Tim Merrill 3/4/2006: Begin as in kata. Once Tori gains grip on Uke's hands, and turns them up, one hand, typically Uke's right is held to Tori's chest as a lock. Uke then turns toward other hand, applying Katate Tori to it.

Akushu Kote Tori

Aggressive Handshake Small Hand Lock

Uke makes very firm handshake. Tori cups hand for structural strength. Step back with right leg, and drop weight on handshake, as you face it. Left hand comes in on top of grip, left forearm adding to weight. Engage tip of uke's thumb with little fingers while anchoring base of thumb with ball of your thumb. Apply lock to thumb, take into katate tori.

Log: Prof. Hudson 4/17/03: After obtaining the thumb lock, take Uki's hand straight in to a Katate Tori San type of lock, not over to Katate Tori.

Akushu Ude Tori

Aggressive Handshake Upper Arm Lock

Uke makes very firm handshake. Tori cups hand for structural strength. Kiai, palm strike to face with left hand, missing, on way to circling arm over tori's right upper arm, hooking lateral wrist under tricep tendon and gripping gi. Right hand carries uke's right hand toward uke's left knee. Tori should stand up straight with square shoulders, Uke will likely be forced to lean backwards, off-balance.

Log: Prof. Hudson 4/17/03: Left hand is in judo knuckle for proper atemi as it goes by face. As hand goes under ulna, slide it in to rake the nerve.

Log: Tim Merrill 3/3/2006: Rather than palm strike, Uke sticks his hand to Uke's upper arm, starting at perhaps his elbow. This hand follows up Uke's arm, threatens Uke's face/eyes (with kiai), then follows around under the elbow, maintaining contact.

Log: Prof. Carr 3/3/2006: As the elbow lock is obtained, Tori should turn his body so that Uke's arm is away from it somewhat, perhaps 45 degrees.

Akushu Kotemaki Tori

Aggressive Handshake Small Hand Winding Lock

Uke makes very firm handshake. Tori cups hand for structural strength. Roll back on right leg as with Akushu Kote Tori. When thumblock obtained, carry uke's hand to above uke's shoulder, uke's elbow goes in tori's right armpit. Tori's right hand extends under uke's armpit to reach up to uke's hand, thumb on outside (into base of uke's thumb) and fingers over inside edge. Uke's hand is palm-down. Tori flattens uke's hand to destroy structure by pressing Tori's thumb on the ball of Uke's thumb.

Log: Tim Merrill 3/5/2006: To escape from the hold, release Uke's elbow and step behind Uke, taking his hand behind his head. Then push him away.

Variation: Prof. Lee Eichelberger 5/20/03: Thumb goes on top.

Variation: Tim Merrill 3/5/2006: For people with short arms with larger Ukes. Once Uke's hand is back over her shoulder, Tori grabs the hand in the proper grip first, from outside Uke's elbow, then tucks Uke's elbow into his armpit once the grip has been secured. Also, if Tori's hands are not big or strong enough to press Tori's thumb flat, Tori may press his fingerpads into the valley between the metacarpals for Uke's little finger and the metacarpals corresponding to Uke's ring finger.

Imon Tori

Lapel Crossing Lock

Uke pushes tori with hand on chest. Tori retreats first, to change miei, bowing slightly. With timing trap uke's hand on chest with overlapped palms, just above fingers. Bow to put on lock.

Log: Nancy Bigham 1/16/03: Trapping hands are opened, parallel to the ground, palm up. Chest is puffed out a bit, with shoulders back, to make better "grip" on hand.

Tekubi Tori Ichi

Hand-neck Lock 1

Uke grabs tori's wrist, on same side (e.g. left grabs right). Grasped wrist circles to palm up. Left hand comes up underneath, grabbing uke's thumb. Top hand turns over when grip is loosened and grabs other side of uke's hand. Sink and apply lock to wrist.

Log: : Think of initial movement as Katate Hazushi Ichi

Tekubi Tori Ni

Hand-neck Lock 2

Uke grabs wrist with cross grip (e.g. right grabs right). Tori grabs Uke's wrist to prevent escape. Roll back and apply thumb lock as in Akushu Kote Tori. Tori then takes Uke's hand to Katate Hazushi Ichi as a means of escape.

Log: Prof. Carr 3/4/2006: Prof. Carr differentiated the thumblock in this art from Akushu Kote Tori, saying that this one started by blocking the base of the thumb with the center base of Uke's palm, and then peeling the fingers under the last joint of the thumb. In contrast, Akushu Kote Tori starts at the last joint of the thumb first, then locking the base.

Log: 3/6/2006: As it turns out, I've been doing the thumblock differently than described above. As I kazush Uke forward, my left hand sweeps across my right until it finds Uke's thumb. The pocket between the forefinger and thumb envelop Uke's thumb and the Yubi Tori is applied. The base of my thumb gets into the act some here in providing the foundation for the Yubi Tori. Uke's weight moving forward makes the lock come on even faster, as I apply the lock in the contrary direction to Uke's inertia.

Ryoeri Tori

Dual Lapel Lock

Uki grabs Tori by lapels. Tori drives right hand judo knuckle through uke's left hand, releasing grip. Then reach over remaning hand, getting grip on little finger side. Step to right and roll hand over, producing bend over in uke. Keep uke's hand slightly above and ahead of shoulder, pulling is the best way to do this.

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: From Prof. Janovich's Okugi. Uki grabs Tori by lapels. Tori reaches to Uki's right, with right, stepping back with left, holding Uki's fist firm to chest. Tori's finger hits nerve point at base of thumb between thumb and forefinger. Tori then steps back with right, turning to right and turning Uki's wrist over, still keeping it firm to chest, and locking wrist as in Katate Tori Ni.

Kubi Nuki Shime

Neck Encircling Hold

Uke puts tori in headlock under uke's right armpit. Knock (judo knuckle) on back of hand to release grip. Tori grasps Uki's right hand with his own right hand, palms facing, while reaching left hand to grab back of Uki's belt. Twist right hand toward you and drive up, bringing uke's arm to hammerlock as tori steps back behind.

Log: Bill Gessner 03/08/02: The headlock can be avoided by a rolling motion of head and upper body under the armpit as the headlock is applied. There is also opportunity here for a head butt into the armpit which is quite painful.

Log: Nancy Bigham 1/16/03: Tori grips Uke's wrist not hand, as I had previously thought. This makes the hammerlock more secure. Updated description.

Log: Prof. Carr 3/4/2006: Once Tori has grabbed Uke's wrist, it can be moved away from Tori's neck, opening up the angle, to remove all pressure from the neck.

Variation: Nancy Bigham 1/29/03: Start in standard position. Tori steps forward with right foot, getting better angle for groin strike with right. Left hand comes over to Uki's head, while right hand grabs behind near knee. Tori throws Uke with pull on knee, push on head.

Hagai Shime

Wing Constriction

Uke punches at tori with right straight punch. Tori nagashi's with left, placing right hand on uke's shoulder, underneath the punch. Stepping to back, tori swings left arm under uke's left armpit and into full nelson. Apply pressure by moving elbows back and up, not by pressing with hands. It is a shoulder blade constriction.

Log: Nancy Bigham 3/28/02: After reaching in with right hand, you can hook far ear and turn head to side. This makes lock come on much more quickly. But Matt and Nancy don't teach this to white belts, since they don't have the control to make this safe.

Log: Nancy Bigham 1/16/03: Once the wrapped position has been acheived, the focus of pressure is as much or more on the shoulders as on the head. By straightening his arms, an rolling them a bit, Tori puts pressure inward and upward on Uki's shoulders, though not directly, but on the upper arm, perhaps four inches from the shoulder joint.